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Our Patented Process of Multilayer Plastic Waste and Our Solution – Brief Case Study

We are extremely delighted to share that we have been granted a patent for the “Process of Recycling Post-Consumer Multilayer Plastic”.  This is the Brief Case Study about our Solution for multilayer plastic waste.

Solving Untouched Problem of Multilayer Plastic Waste

Distribution of plastic consumption

According to the CPCB/Central Pollution Control Board report 2019-2020, India recycles around 60% of plastic waste generated. 40% of Plastic consumption is flexible, mostly Multilayer Plastic Waste which is left uncollected and littered due to its low value.

Post-consumer multi-layered plastic waste Recycling Process

THE SHAKTI PLASTIC INDUSTRIES PROCESS OF RECYCLING OF MULTILAYER PLASTIC WASTE

SHAKTI works with all generators of waste to implement best practices in waste management as stipulated by the Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules outlined by CPCB. SHAKTI is committed to providing holistic and scientific solutions to managing waste at the source, thereby creating zero waste communities. SHAKTI is functioning as an agency and offers the required services to the Manufacturers / Brand Owners, under the Plastic Waste Management Rules.

SHAKTI is having an excellent collection network on a “PAN INDIA” basis and manages to collect the plastic waste by making use of the services of Rag Pickers, Plastic Scrap Dealers, ULB(s), NGO(s), Collection Centers / Partners, SHAKTI collects and process more than 300 M.T. of Plastic Wastes per day, which they segregate quality-wise in soft plastics and hard plastics such as HDPE, LDPE, PP, Multilayer, Biodegradable, etc.

  1. Process of Segregation:
    Initially, the collected plastic wastes are required to be segregated thereby removing the piece of paper and clothes therefrom. As a next step, the same is being shredded in small pieces. With this process, the dust and metal particles will be removed from the same.
  2. Washing to clean dirt:
    After sorting and processing it in the shredding machine, the plastic waste needs to be washed properly so as to remove impurities such as oil, dirt, labels, adhesives, etc., from the same. This process would help a lot to enhance the quality of the finished product.
  3. Making Granules
    After washing, the plastic wastes are dried in a drier and thereafter loaded into different conveyor belts that run the plastic wastes through different shredders. These shredders tear up the plastic into small pellets, preparing them for recycling into other products. After this the plastic wastes are blended with some chemicals and additives to enhance the properties thereof and thereafter, these are being fed to a twin-screw extruder to process it. For information, the Twin-screw extruder process is the best system for mixing the waste where all materials are blended together in a proper way and thereafter process such materials by palletizing through a Palletizer to give the material a uniform shape and size.

Patented Technology

Our Patented Technology

 

Recycling is better

Recycling:

➢CO2 reduction
➢ Recycled into product
➢ 100% Resource recovery
➢ Resource conservation
➢ Incentivize marginalised rag-pickers
➢ Provides low-cost material to manufacture

Waste-to-energy

➢Extremely high GHG emission
➢ ~14% of Ash content are generated
➢ Which is sent to landfills
➢ WtE could disincentivize recycling

Waste-to-fuel

➢ High GHG emission
➢ End-of-life product produces even high GHG emission

 

Carbon emission from the disposal of mixed plastic waste

mixed plastic waste

 

Resource is used back in circular economy

Dry Waste And Wet Waste Management | How To Segregate Waste?

What is waste management and why is it important?

Waste management is one of the most crucial problems our country is facing right now. India produces 62 million tonnes of waste each year. When we segregate waste, there is not only a reduction of waste that gets landfilled, it also reduces pollution levels by lowering the percentage of garbage exposed to air and water. Waste management is important because it reduces the effect of pollution on the environment and nature. It can also help reduce or reuse the waste materials that are harmful for the environment such as plastic, glass, Styrofoam, thermocol, etc. and many more.

What is dry waste and wet waste?

Dry Waste:

What is dry waste?

Dry waste consists of waste that does not decay. It is also known as waste which cannot be biodegradable. Dry waste consists of paper, glass, thermocol, Styrofoam, rubber, metal, cloth, empty bottles, stationeries, etc. and  can be recycled into new products further. Before segregating, sharp materials like glass and other metals shall be kept in a separate bag/container.

How dry waste is to be disposed?

Dry waste is the kind of waste which is not biodegradable. Hence wet waste can be converted and recycled into new products and reused further.

 

Wet Waste:

What is wet waste?

Wet waste is all the kitchen waste that we produce. Eg: vegetable peels, used tea bags, fruits, leftovers, coconut shells, flowers, leaves, meat or nonveg, expired food items, bread, biscuits, etc.

How wet waste is to be disposed?

This is organic waste which can be recycled and converted into compost. Most of the wet waste comes from the kitchen itself. Restaurants, buildings and factories need efficient wet waste management systems.

Waste segregation

Why is waste segregation necessary?

By segregating dry waste such as plastic, glass, metals, paper, etc. from wet waste it becomes easier to recycle them into new products. Whereas wet waste like vegetable leftovers, fruits, used tea bags etc. can be used for producing gas. 

Proper waste management is necessary because, it will help in reducing;

  • Greenhouse gas emission
  • Toxic gas explosions
  • Waste Landfill 
  • Air, soil and water pollution, etc.

 

Waste segregation at home:

Segregation of dry waste and wet waste can be done from home. This habit will reduce the burden of the municipal authorities to segregate the waste. To get started with it, you just need some awareness and the desire to act towards this.

You need to keep these following things in mind before segregating waste at home:

  • Keep 2 separate dustbins for dry and wet waste
  • Remove any covering on the kitchen waste before throwing it in the dustbin
  • Do not mix wet waste with dry waste
  • Keep the plastic from the kitchen dry and separate in the dry bin
  • Keep the dry waste rinsed of any food content before throwing in dry bin
  • Throw the sanitary waste in a separate paper bag

 

Conclusion:

Wet waste and Dry waste segregation is necessary for every individual because it will help us keep our environment pollution free and also keep the environment healthy. These segregated wastes can be reused and especially the plastic waste can be recycled into new products and plastic granules.

Click here for more information on Plastic Recycled Products, Waste Management and CPCB EPR Certificate.

What is Linear Economy and Circular Economy?

Introduction of Linear Economy and Circular Economy:

As the impact of Plastic products boosted across the world, we rapidly started the Mass Production of different Products, Materials, and Goods with Plastic packaging or Plastic products. Eventually, we had to face a huge number of Industrial and Post-Consumer Waste problems. It was a very important agenda, and to decide to take some measures against this severely growing issue.

The matter of increasing Industrial and Post-consumer Waste was later on resolved by commencing the proposition of Linear Economy and Circular Economy. This Circular Economy and Linear Economy is an Economy that motivates Brand-owners, Producers, Distributors, and also Consumers in supporting the Nation for growth on an Economic and Environmental scale.

 

What are Linear and Circular Economies?

The description of these two Economies is further explained separately:

Linear Economy:

Liner EconomyThe Collection of Natural Raw Materials and conversion of these resources into different products and sold into the market. When any of these products has reached its validity’s end, the product needs to be disposed of. This process of Production, Distribution, and Disposing of various products is called the Linear Economy.

Linear Economy is based on the “Take-Make-Dispose” concept, in which the raw material is converted and made into a final product that can be used by the consumers and finally is disposed of. This whole procedure represents the base of Linear Economy.

 

Circular Economy:

A Circular Economy is a type of Economy that mostly focuses on Reducing, Reusing, and Recycling. The Circular Economy is also known as the “Closed-Loop Economy”, which means that it closes the loop by using the least number of raw materials and also by reusing and recycling the existing products and materials as many times as possible.

This Circular Economy helps in creating a better Eco-friendly and Environment Sustainable Economy for any country. When the materials reach their End-of-life period they are recycled and can be reused for a longer period.

 

What is “Take-Make-Dispose”?

“Take-Make-Dispose” is a procedure that helps Linear Economy work smoothly and manage collected Industrial and Consumer Waste. Take-Make-Dispose is the collection, production, and disposing of different products or materials after distribution. This procedure takes a lot of effort and hard work as well as public participation.

Take make dispose

In a Circular Economy when we work on Sustainability, the main focus is mostly on being Environment-friendly, which means we try to minimize the ecological effect of getting the same product. But in Linear Economy, the final product is made for being used till its final validity stages and is disposed of.

 

What is a “Closed-loop” Economy?

The Closed-loop economy is a process where every product is fully utilized even after its final use by the consumer. This economy supports the environment by fully making use of every

product and its packaging by least wastage and recycling these products. Reusing recycled products and supporting sustainability is the main intent of this Circular Economy or Closed-loop economy.

 

What are the Challenges and Risks of the Linear and Circular Economies?

The Challenges and risks of Linear and Circular economies are further divided into two separate sections as follows:

 

Linear Economy:

In Linear Economy, the use of natural raw materials is the most for making different products which indirectly reduces the quantity of these natural materials and resources. This leads to the overuse of natural resources and also becomes the reason for the extinction of these nonrenewable resources.

The concept of take-make-dispose can be jeopardy to environmental surroundings due to the high demand and poor waste management system. But, by running Awareness Campaigns and Clean-up Drives we could reduce the pollution levels in the natural surroundings.

Circular Economy:

Even though business organizations confront several obstacles in reestablishing their supply chains for the Circular Economy it is a quite difficult job for them to execute the whole chain of the Circular Economy.

It is strenuous to replace the use of raw materials with recycled products, and the main task for the Brand-owners, Producers, Importers, and Manufacturers is to deal with Post-consumer Plastic Waste. It is a difficult 0procedure for them to collect this waste, so they hand over this responsibility to the Recycling Companies. The Shakti Plastic Industries deals with every type of plastic waste and assures to give a 100% Recycled and Sustainable output that supports a Circular Economy.

Advantages and Benefits of Linear Economy and Circular Economy.

There are numbers of benefits and advantages that we get from these two economies. The advantages and benefits are further explained in two separate sections as follows:

Linear Economy:

  • The Linear Economy supports a nation’s Economic growth and Environmental Sustainability.
  • Positive impact on Business Organizations and towards Environment.
  • In Linear Economy the production follows more Ecological-friendly ways of production and gives the output that is more Environment Sustainable.

Circular Economy:

  • Circular Economy lessens the use of Non-renewable or Natural Resources.
  • Circular Economy releases the least amount of Carbon Footprints into the Environment.
  • Circular Economy focuses on the objective of Zero Environmental Wastage.
  • Circular Economy provides a wide scope of opportunities for companies.

 

We are working hard for giving you a clean and better environment, all we need is your support.

You can check our website for more information: www.shaktiplasticinds.com

Content Credits: Kajal Parab

Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste – TSPI

As we talk about Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste, people end up asking different questions based on this Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste. And the first question mainly being asked by them is,

What are Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste?

Let us help you out in clarifying the concept of what Pre-consumer and Post-consumer plastic waste originally is, by distinguishing and defining each one separately.

 

  • Pre-Consumer Plastic Waste:
    Pre-Consumer Plastic Waste is a type of waste that cannot meet its final step of being consumed or used by the consumer for example if Multi-layered Plastic that is used for product packaging is been misprinted, then it can be considered as Pre-Consumer plastic waste. Pre-Consumer Plastic waste is discarded waste with a few faults or mistakes in its packaging printing or is not properly packaged. And so, this type of waste hasn’t reached any consumer or met its end-use.
    Pre-Consumer Plastic Waste is also known as “Post-Industrial Plastic Waste”. Pre-Consumer and Post-Industrial Plastic Waste are almost similar types of waste but with quite a few minor differences. Post-Consumer Plastic Waste is mainly generated after the Industrial Manufacturing procedure.

 

  • Post-Consumer Plastic Waste.
    Post-consumer Plastic Waste is the waste that is collected after being used by the consumers or customers. Post-Consumer waste includes different types of materials like Plastic Materials and Products, but Multi-layered plastic is mostly found in Post-Consumer Plastic Waste.
    Post-consumer Plastic Waste consists of a list of numbered plastic products that are discarded after being used or consumed by the consumers or customers. Plastic Products like packages for food products, detergent containers, single-use food containers, plastic cups, glasses, bottles, and various other things as well are consisted of these Post-Consumer Plastic Waste Products.

 

Are Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste Recyclable?

 

Yes, of course. Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste are recyclable materials and can be fully used until their end-of-life disposal stage. Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste hold various advantages and benefits after they are Recycled.

Recycling this Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste is sort of a little difficult procedure, but we the Shakti Plastic Industries are pros at Recycling the most difficult types of plastics.

The procedures for Recycling this Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste are explained in 5 easy and simple steps as follows:

  1. The Assemblage of Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste:
    The Assembling or Collection of this Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste is executed with the help of our Safai Sathis and The Shakti Plastic Industries has strong built connections and tie-ups with different Municipal corporations escalated overall the country. And with this, we also create employment opportunities overall nation.
  2. Baling and Segregation of Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste:
    Baling this Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Littered Waste is a procedure where the collected waste is piled up into bundles, also known as Bales. These Bales are then used for easy transfer of all the trash that is collected. This garbage is then transferred to our main recycling factory.
    After being transferred the waste is then unloaded. And this Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic waste is Segregated or Separated according to its material type and color by our skilled segregator employees. This Segregation process helps make this Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic easy to recycle.
  3. Washing/Cleaning and Drying this Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste.
    Before the waste gets recycled, certain additional impurities need to be cleaned or removed from this Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste for getting better quality recycled products. Impurities like dust, soil, food waste, oils, glass shreds, and many other things consist of this pre-and post-consumer plastic waste. So, these impurities are removed with the help of a machine called “Washing Line”. This washing line contains water and rotating spinners that remove the impurities. With the hydro pump, the impurities easily get removed from the plastic.
    After removing the impurities, the waste needs to be dried or dehydrated with the help of a “Drier”. This drier removes all the additional moisture from the washed and cleaned waste and with this, the plastic waste gets ready to be passed into the Agglomeration process.
  4. Agglomeration and Granulation of Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste.
    Later on, this segregated and Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste further reaches the Agglomeration process. Agglomeration is a step where the segregated waste is unloaded in a machine called the “Agglomerator”. This Agglomerator converts Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste into small bits that make it easier for be transforming waste into Granules.
    Granulation is a procedure in which the Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic waste is changed into thick recycled plastic strings that are cut up into small pieces. This Recycled Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic waste granules are used for making various environment-friendly products that can help in improving and converting our country’s infrastructure as well as economy to an advanced level.
  5. Production of Recycled Products from Granules.
    The last and final phase in the recycling of Pre- and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste is the manufacturing of Recycled Products from recycled granules. These Recycled Products can be recycled over and over and are sustainable for supporting our natural environment. Products like benches, tables, bottle caps, containers, ladders, chairs, flower pots, etc, can be made with these Recycled Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste granules.
    We the Shakti Plastic Industries, assure you of giving you an output that can surely become an advantage for supporting our present as well as the future.

 

In what terms are Recycled Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic products benefiting?

 

Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste are two very different things that are comprised in landfills. But, both these types of waste are extremely beneficial for society and the Environment if properly managed or after being recycled. Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste are Recyclable and are Sustainable as many times as possible.

Pre-Consumer Plastic Waste also known as Post-Industrial Plastic Waste and Post-Consumer Plastic Waste can become very significantly useful for producing various things like:

 

  • Recycled Products that support the Circular Economy.
  • Builds a strong and sustainable infrastructure of the nation.
  • Reduces Waste from landfills and makes the surroundings clean.
  • Creation of a Sustainable Brand.
  • Post-Industrial Waste and Post-Consumer Waste are low cost and within budget.

Not only this but, there are more than 7 types of plastic being used in this world. Which can be turned into something valuable that can become a reason for changing someone’s life.

And we the Shakti Plastic Industries are always here to provide that change and to make our country stronger and better.

Need more information?

Check out our website for more amazing and innovative blogs and products. www.shaktiplasticinds.com

(Content Credits: Kajal Parab)

Why RECYCLING is important for you ?

 

What is Recycling?

Recycling is a process that can extend a waste product or a material’s life by converting it into another product or changing its form for making it reusable in any other manner. Recycling is a very useful process for converting waste products and subjects like Plastic, Paper, Metals, and others materials into different Innovative and Sustainable products.

Recycling is a new path towards a society’s advancement in Environmental as well as Economic terms. A country’s development depends on its Economic and Environmental growth, it would only be possible when the country’s people take the responsibility to maintain its reputation by taking active participation to clean and safeguard its environment. For the sake of today’s generation as well as the future generation, we need to learn to Preserve, Manage and Reuse natural energy resources. It can only be done when we properly overtake the concept of Recycling and Reusing.

 

Why should we Recycle and Reuse ?

Recycling different waste products lead to the Circular Economy and Linear Economy. Giving rise to employment and managing Environmental Hygiene. Giving a better life to all humans as well as animals for their survival and completion of the life cycle.

Every year around 370 million tons of plastic has been produced from which only 9% to 10% of plastic gets recycled. Research says till 2050 we will have more plastic than aquatic animals.
source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2016/01/20/by-2050-there-will-be-more-plastic-than-fish-in-the-worlds-oceans-study-says/

 

How can you prevent this Crisis?

Here are some steps for helping us turn the tables:

Proper segregated waste management can help us channelize waste to recycler or end-of-life solution where it can be recycled or disposed of in an environmentally sound manner which further can help us to shift from linear economy to circular economy gradually.


What are your responsibilities?

Keep your Waste Separate, Wet and Dry Waste.

All you must do is you can separate/segregate your Dry and Wet Waste. According to its materials separating the waste could help us in easy Disposing of, Reusing, and Recycling. Materials like

Participate in Awareness Activity.

You can also participate in our different IEC Activities happing in your locality and spread the word about best practices in waste management. With your active participation, it can help society take a big step towards a Clean and Green Future not only for us but for upcoming generations too.

 

Benefits of Recycling for Us ?

Helps in Preserving our Environment.

Recycling can be useful and can be proved to be a huge reason for safeguarding our Country’s Economic and Environmental growth. Recycling garbage waste products can lead to the downfall of different diseases and make the surrounding pretty healthy.

Helps in Conserving limited Resources.

Recycling can help conserve the use of restricted Natural fuel resources and obtain different cogeneration uses out of them. Recycling can save all the Natural Fuels standing on the brink of extinction.

Helps build a strong Economic base.

Recycling can build a path leading to Circular Economy or Financial Economy. Recycling a particular product and again producing the same products and being sold in the market is something called Circular Economy. Producing a particular product and converting it into some other product is called Linear Economy. Both these Economies provide recycled products a great opening in the market and help to grow the country’s economy.

Recycling creates Employment:

Recycling helps in increasing the number of Employment in society. It also helps to solve this unemployment issue for the lowest class people or people with the least education. Waste picking and segregation of the waste can be done by these people and people who are performing these jobs the real heroes of the Society.

Recycling reduces Environmental Pollution:

It helps in diverting waste from landfill thus, averting GHG emission into environment. Achieving cleaner and greener environment.

Extended Producer Responsibility

What is EPR?

Extended Producer Responsibility is the strategy to increase the interests of different Brand-owners, Producers, and Importers in producing various Environment-Friendly products. Management of all the costs related to Environmental Waste and for the production of different products from the product’s Validity to its Market Price.
Extended Producers Responsibilities (EPR) are the responsibilities that are managed by the government for Post-consumer Waste Management. It is generally for different Brand Owners, Producers, and Importers who are obligated to follow the guidelines of Extended Producer Responsibilities (EPR) provided by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

Definition

               EPR uses economic inducements for encouraging Manufacturers in developing Eco-friendly products by holding Producers responsible for the budget costs of managing their products at their validity or end of life. This policy reach differs from product administration, which shares the responsibility of keeping records of a product, in that it strives to relieve local governments of the costs of managing selective priority products by the demand of manufacturers to incorporate the cost of recycling within the product price. EPR is based on the principle that manufacturers mostly Brand-owners have great control over product design and marketing and have the greatest ability and responsibility to reduce toxicity and waste in the environment.

TimelineTimeline

  • Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage Rules (1999):

Rules for the Manufacturers and use of recycled plastics carry bags and containers.

  • Plastic Waste Management and Handling Rules (2011):

 Rules directed Municipal Authorities to set up Plastic Waste Collection Centers with financial support from the producers.

  • Plastic Waste Management Rules, (2016):

Replaced 2011 Law holding producers responsible for managing plastic waste in the country.

  • Draft Guideline Document- Uniform Framework for EPR (2020):

Guideline to make brand and geography neutral national framework.

  • Draft Notification to make Amendments in PMW rules 2016 (11 March 2021):

The proposal of the prohibition on Single-use Plastic on a PAN India basis.

  • SOP for registration of PIBOs under Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016 (23 March 2021):

Proposed online registration for PIBOs.

  • Plastic Waste Management Rules (2022):

The use of Single-use Plastic should be banned or reduced and Recycled Plastic should be held into consideration of using PAN India.

plastic waste

EPR for Plastic Waste is Applicable for:

  • Producer of Plastic Packaging.

Producers and Manufacturers are those who manufacture different Products, Materials, and Goods. They manufacture different products and materials like food products, skincare, daily household products, sanitary products, etc.

  • Importers of all imported plastic packaging or Plastic packaging of imported products.

Importers import different products or goods on an international and domestic basis. Importing various plastic packaged products, goods or Importing Plastic Packaging is their main business.

  • Brand Owners.

Owner of different Brands/Companies producing food products, beverages, clothing, skincare products, daily household products is called Brand-Owners.

  • Plastic Waste Processors.

People who deal with Non-biodegradable Plastic Waste are called Plastic Waste Processors. Plastic Waste Processors also dispose of hazardous as well as chemical waste.

 

Policy Emphasizes on:

  • Reuse.

The obliged entities should put efforts into trying to Reuse or Cogenerate different sources and also resources as much as possible. The Entities can reduce the use of virgin plastic or can use the waste as an energy resource during production.

  • Recycling.

According to the guidelines of EPR by CPCB, the entities must Recycle their Plastic Packaging Waste and help in managing the Plastic Waste produced by them. They can also hand over the Plastic Waste to the respected Plastic Waste Recycling Companies.

  • Use of Recycled Plastic Materials.

All the mentioned Entities should respectfully manage and attain to use the Recycled Plastic Products or Materials. The use of Recycled Plastic products would help in cost-cutting and would manage to save different resources.

  • End of life disposal.

All the entities should follow the guidelines, provided for the EPR by the CPCB for management and Disposal of the End of Disposal Waste or Waste Materials, and should handle it over to the respected Plastic Waste Processors or the End-of-life Disposers.

Categories of Plastic Waste Covered under Policy.

  • Solid or Rigid Plastic Packaging.

Rigid or Solid structured Plastic contains High-density polyethylene (HDPE) and Polypropylene (PP). These HDPE and PP are used across the world for making a huge variety of products. Products like Plastic packaging sheets, different automobile parts, for making different household products, and even fibers and textiles are made with these Solid plastics.

  • Stretchable or Flexible Plastic Packaging.

Polyvinyl Chloride, also known as PVC, is the third most-produced plastic globally. Polyvinyl Chloride is produced in two forms solid and stretchable. It is used for making covering sheets for food and bank transaction cards such as Credit cards, ATM cards, and Debit cards.

  • Multilayered Plastic Packaging.

Different layers of low-density Plastics and Metals are used for making this Multi-layered Plastic. Multi-layered plastic is mostly used for making packages and using it for food packaging purposes. This Multi-layered plastic packaging is a very useful product for storing food, beverages, and other products.

  • Plastic Sheets or Polythene Carry Bags.

Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) is a stretchable and flexible type of plastic it is mostly used for making plastic sheets, plastic packaging films, plastic wraps, etc. Low-Density Polyethylene has a low density, so it is mostly used in manufacturing dispensary bottles, containers, and washable bottles to make carry bags.

Stakeholders & Their Roles and Responsibilities:

For Producers, Importers, and Brand-owners (PIBO)

  • Providing Financial Incentives to Collect, Process, and Recycle Plastic Waste.
  • To work on modalities for Plastic Waste collection system based on EPR and involving State Urban Development Department.

For Plastic Recycling Organizations (PRO)

  • Plastic Waste Collection and Transport.
  • Compliance Documents.
  • Creating Awareness.
  • Recycling through an authorized recycler.
  • Certification
  • Easy channelization of Materials and Document throughout the entire roadmap of processing the collected Plastic Waste into a resource.

Urban Local Body

  • Collection of door-to-door Waste.
  • Segregation of Waste into Recyclables and Non-Recyclables.

Monitoring/Regulating Bodies.

  • CPCB/SPCB/ULBs/Third-Party Auditors.

Consumer.

  • Source Segregation (2-bin system).

Registration and Authorization Procedure for the Entities:

The registration process is as follows:

Step 1: Registration with CPCB/SPCB.

Step 2: Waste Collection by the authorized Waste Management Agency.

Step 3: Present relevant documents as proof for Waste Collection.

Step 4: Quarterly report submission to CPCB by Brands.

Step 5: Annual report submitted by Waste Management Agency to Brands.

For more details, check our website.

www.shaktiplasticinds.com

Extended producer responsibility (EPR)

What is EPR?

Extended producer responsibility (EPR), is an exercise and a policy method by which the producers take responsibility for the organization of the disposal of products they create Produce once those products are designated as not useful by consumers. Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is a mixture of environmental, economic, and social factors. Extended producer responsibility (EPR) transferences the economic liability of the value of disposal from the government to the manufacturer of the trade.

EPR

POLICIES

 i. As per environmental policy, stated Producer has the responsibility, for reducing environmental impact and managing the product and their waste, are extended to across the whole life cycle of the product

ii. As per Rule 13 (1) (Management) Rules, 2016 Central pollution control board has been mandated to grant, renew, or refuse Extended producers responsibility(EPR) -Authorization to Producers

iii. Central pollution control board has made directly on the implementation of EPR which includes specific direction for Producers and other stakeholders for extended producer responsibility (EPR) Authorization, channelization, collection, storage, transportation, environmentally sound dismantling, recycling, and refurbishment.

Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016

The uniform framework for EPR delineated on background, selected definitions, and provisions of EPR in the PWM Rules which include the responsibility of Producers, Importers, and Brand Owners were stated. Different EPR models are proposed as single EPR models may not be suitable for implementation in a country like India. The Material Flow for Plastic is illustrated, addressing mainly 6 streams through which plastic waste is collected in any ULBs.

Plastic waste management, rules 2016

Type of models

Fee-based

This framework addresses three components: ULBS, plastic assembler /recycler, and rag pickers, IEC activity. during this model, the first responsibility of the collection/ segregation and disposal of plastic waste. plastic assembler/recycler, rag-pickers, and IEC activity should be supported for higher and effective waste management.

PRO-based model and plastic credit model

The objective is to determine a professional to steer on implementation and supply the funding required under the principles on behalf of producers/importers/BO to support plastic recycling and promoting the convenience of doing business for all stakeholders. industry self-managed pro got to combat the responsibility for discharging producer’s national and state legal obligations. producers are going to be at liberty to make a decision option for establishing channels of collecting plastic credits with or without linking with pros.

Plastic credit model

A producer isn’t required to recycle their own packaging but got to make sure that the same amount of packaging waste has been recovered/recycled to satisfy their obligation. producers are mandated to accumulate evidence of recycling or recovery from properly accredited processors*/exporters. producers and processors/ exporters may exchange plastic credits for a financial transaction at a price and other terms as negotiated between them.

Guiding principles for uniform EPR Framework

A single national registry for the registration of all stakeholders, ownership of the portals, and digital exchange should rest with the government to make sure the protection and confidentiality of members’ data.

The program shall promote the inclusion of waste pickers, EPR obligation for MLP shall be above the traditional recyclable plastic, ULBs/Municipal Corporations bear the first responsibility for door to door collection of segregated waste, Manufacturers and PIBOs will procure a digital certificate from the professional

epr

SOP for Registration of PIBOs Under Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016 (as amended)

Recently, CPCB has published SOP for registration of producers, importers & brand-owners (PIBOs) under plastic waste management rules 2016 (as amended), with necessary updates. This sop provides various alternatives for fulfilling EPR obligation by PIBOs also as documents the procedure for obtaining the registration to facilitate the straightforward filling of application and progress reports by the PIBOs also on ensuring effective implementation of the EPR plan.

EPR

Key Highlights:

i. EPR Target to be adequate to the sort & Quantum of plastic introduced by PIBOs in respective State/s. Limitation on the amount of WMAs/PIBO engaged with PWPF by the processing capacity of PWMF as per Registration.

ii. PWPF should be registered with SPCB/PCC under PWM Rule 13(3).

iii. Provision of online application of registration on CPCB portal and Application fee shall be paid by PIBOs.

iv. Nomination of a State/UT level Nodal Agency/Department to administrate the affairs of Urban

v. Local Bodies in the state/UT.

vi. Submission of Half-Yearly Progress Reports by PIBO & Nodal agency to SPCB/PCC.

vii.Third-party audit by CPCB for verification of documents submitted by the PIBOs.

Overview of the SOP for Registration of PIBOs
Under
PWM Rules 2016 (as amended)

EPR

Standard operating procedure (SOP) for registration of producers, importers & brand owners (PIBOs) under plastic waste management (PWM) rules, 2016

PLASTIC RECYCLING

PMW rules, extended producers responsibility (EPR) for management of plastic waste packaging is entrusted with the Pibos who introduce the products within the market. They’re required to determine a system for the management of plastic waste generated thanks to their products by engaging with local bodies.

The Pibos has three alternatives as per annexure I for implementation of the EPR plan:

I.PWM through own distribution channel

II.PWM through direct engagement with the urban local bodies (ULBs)

III.PWM through engagement with waste management agency (WMA), which in turn should engage with ULBs

Responsibility of SPCB/PCC

Monitor implementation of EPR action plan of PIBOs at state / UT level to make sure its effective implementation.

Compile PIBO wise activities operating within the state/UT as per their EPR action plan and share it within the property right.

Assess the knowledge on EPR activities of PIBOs/ WMA provided by the state nodal agency vis-a-vis their EPR plan and communicate deficiencies, if any, to the PIBO

Validate information provided by state nodal agency and PIBO and submit the same to CPCB

SPCB/CPCB

Role of the (PIBOs)

As per the provisions of the PWM Rules the PIBOs need to compute modalities for waste collection system supported Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR). EPR means the responsibility of a producer (includes Brand-owners/Importers) for the environmentally sound management of the merchandise until the top of its life

Plastic Waste management through Own Distribution channels/ Urban Local Bodies(ULBs)/- Through Agency

i. Waste Collection: Collection through own channels and networks or via a partnership with ULBs /Agencies

ii. Waste Quantity: Waste quantity should be identical to the projected quantity of plastic waste generated.

iii. Waste Recycling: Collector should have direct contact with the waste recycler to ensure all waste collected is sent for recycling. The PIBOs can send the plastic waste for co-processing in cement mills. Roadmaking or any other waste processing facility, the documentary proof of which has to be submitted to CPCB.

iv. Coverage: The area in which the products are sold to ensure collection of plastic waste preferably in the Pan-India coverage, states/UT covered by their distribution channel. Also, to ensure that cities of all categories are covered preferably one ULB from Tier I, II & III be engaged.

Role of  (PCB) Pollution Control Board /CPCB,SPCB

Every state has its own Pollution control panel (PCB) or Pollution Control Committee (PCC) The function of  PCB/PCC is to increase awareness among the people regarding sustainable development and enhance the quality of the environment with the assistance of all the stakeholders.

The State Pollution control panel works under the Supervision of CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board). The CPCB has provided all its functions and powers to the SPCB.

The SPCB is a corporation established to implement Environmental Laws and rules within the concerned state’s jurisdiction. The State pollution Prevention and control panel is constituted under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

Objectives of state pollution control board

I. It ensures the prevention of natural resources.

II. Sustainable development for the economic growth of the nation along with environmental protection and social equity.

III. Works toward effective waste management for the protection of the environment.

IV. To increase customer awareness among the general public.

Impact of EPR

All EPR includes recommendations addressed to the reviewed country. Recommendations aim to guide further action to beat challenges faced by a rustic. They also aim to market the convergence of environmental policies within the ECE region as an entire.

EPR has resulted in improved policy and legal frameworks and better integration of environmental concerns into sectoral policies, stronger institutions for environmental management, improved financial resources for environmental protection and greening the economy, improved environmental monitoring and knowledge systems, strengthened public participation, and increased international cooperation governments or private companies shall facilitate investment to scale back transportation cost of the collected recyclables, enhance design for recycling, develop an industrial standard for recycled products, also as stimulate green.

Different types of plastic waste

What is plastic ?

Plastics are a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic materials that use polymers as a main ingredient. Their plasticity makes it possible for plastics to be molded, extruded or pressed into solid objects of various shapes.

Plastic material is cheap, cost-effective to produce, versatile, and durable. We can use plastic safely for packaged food, drinking milk or water, and various healthcare equipment. Plastics are cost-effective, require less energy to produce, and are very lightweight and biocompatible. This makes them an ideal material for single-use disposable devices, which currently comprise 85 % of medical equipment. Plastics can innovative materials for use in engineered tissues, absorbable sutures, prosthetics, and other medical applications.

Plastic

Plastic

Why we should Recycle Plastic Waste?

Cuz, Plastic recycling reduces C02 emitted from the manufacture of new plastic, emissions from carbonizing plastic waste, and prevents waste from going to landfills or decomposed lands. Further, recycling is more fuel-efficient, than producing new polymers plastic.

How can you classify which plastic is used?

You can distinguish the plastic by recycling symbols (mention below in the diagram) with the number used, and you can come to know which kind of plastic is used for what and its recyclability.

The different types of plastic waste?

  • Polyethylene Terephthalate (PETE)
  • High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
  • Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
  • Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE)
  • Polypropylene (PP)
  • Polystyrene (PS)
  • Miscellaneous Plastics (Mix plastics)

Polyethylene Terephthalate (PETE)

Polyethylene terephthalate which is also defined as PET or PETE is mainly used to manufacture the packaging material for food products such as fruit and drinks, and ravages due to their ability to keep the product from spoiling. It is lightweight, transparent, and also available in some colors. They are safer than the rest of the plastic. They are the most used plastic all around the world as have a high strength to weight ratio. Polyethylene terephthalate is easily recycled. Hence it is code as number 1.

High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE):

HDPE stands for high-density polyethylene, which is a thermoplastic polymer. It is mostly used for Hygiene products like plastic bottles, milk jugs, juice containers, shampoo bottles, body wash products, bleach bottles, cutting boards, and piping and is also used in children’s toys. With its lightweight, durability, and malleability, HDPE is a perfect material for injection molding. It’s easily recycled and is quite strong and thick when compared to PET. It is code as number 2.

High-Density Polyethylene

High-Density Polyethylene

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

Polyvinyl Chloride can be defined as PVC it is a “thermoplastic” material. PVC offers a wide variety of applications and advantages across multiple industries in both rigid and flexible forms. In particular, Rigid PVC possesses a high density for plastic, making it extremely hard and generally incredibly strong. PVC has an extremely durable nature and is lightweight, making it an attractive material for construction, plumbing, and other industrial applications. PVC is very dense compared to most plastics, readily available, and cheap. And has excellent tensile strength. Due to being easily recyclable, its code as number 3

Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE)

LDPE’s lower density and branched molecules provides it somewhat different properties. It is resistant to impact (doesn’t break easily), moisture (waterproof), and chemicals resistance (can stand up to many hazardous materials). It is mostly used as bags for groceries, newspaper delivery, dry-cleaning, bread, beverage cups, plastic wraps, and so on, plus product overwraps, bubble wrap, and cereal box liners. Plus there are many industrial and agricultural uses, particularly plastic film and packaging to protect all sorts of products. They are recycled into film plastic, furniture, plastic lumber, rubbish, and compost bins. Due to its different properties, its code is 4.

 Polypropylene

Polypropylene also known as ( polypropene ), is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applicants . In simple terms plastic is known for being a tough and rigid material. Polypropylene is a plastic that can be used as packaging material, Medical supplies, Plastic furniture, Automotive parts, Plastic films. Polypropylene is one among the foremost common sorts of plastic utilized in the manufacturing process. The code for this 5

Polystyrene

Polystyrene may be a synthetic hydrocarbon polymer made up of the monomer referred to as styrene. It can either be solid or foamed form. You may be very familiar with the word Styrofoam (Thermocol ). Commonly used polystyrene is transparent, hard, and brittle. It is mostly used for Plastic forks, DVD cases, the housing of computers, model cars, toys, rulers, and hair combs, disposable cutlery and bowls, packing materials, egg cartons. Due to various use its code as 6

Polystyrene

Polystyrene

Miscellaneous Plastics

Miscellaneous Plastics are that plastic which is different from above all plastic. It`s are polycarbonate, polylactide, acrylic, acrylonitrile butadiene, styrene, fiberglass, and nylon. plastic CDs and DVDs Baby Bottles Large water bottles with multiple-gall capacity Medical storage containers Eyeglasses Exterior lighting fixtures. It is not very easy to interrupt down these plastics once they’re created unless they’re exposed to high temperatures.

Type of Waste Segregation

Waste can be distinguished into the following categories

Liquid Waste, Solid Waste, & Hazardous waste, Medical/clinical waste, Electrical waste (E-waste), Recyclable waste, Constructions, and demolition debris, Nondegradable and Green waste. This waste has to be disposed of separately, as, at the later stage, there is too much waste collected and take more time to segregate by the rag pickers or waste management or its dumped nearby city landfill.

  • Liquid or solid household waste
    The wastes from residential areas are stated as domestic waste-waters. These wastewaters come from our day-to-day household and include those from food preparation, washing, bathing, and toilet usage. These wastes are mainly household or can also be classified as black bag waste which comes from the house. These wastes are wet and solid type in nature they can consist of Vegetables, glass bottles, leftover food, etc.

Liquid or solid waste

  • Hazardous waste
    Hazardous waste can pose a serious threat to humans and other living beings. Hazardous waste produces from many sources, ranging mostly from industrial manufacturing process and production, wastes from batteries and come in many forms, including liquids, solids gases, and sludges.

Hazardous Waste

  • Medical/Clinical Waste
    Wastes generated from health care facilities such as hospitals, physician’s offices, Dental clinics, blood banks, medical research facilities, veterinary hospitals/clinics, and laboratories. Sharps-inflicted injuries on the bodies. Toxic exposure to pharmaceutical products, antibiotics, and cytotoxic drugs. Chemical infection arising out of disinfection, sterilization, or waste treatment process. Thermal injuries and infection occurring due to open contact with burning and the operation of medical waste incinerators and radiation.

 

Medical Clinical Waste

  • Electrical waste (E-waste)
    Electronic or e-waste describes wastes produce from electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are refurbishment, reuse, resale recycling through material or disposal are also e-waste. Processing of e-waste in developing countries can lead to ill-effect on human health and environmental pollution. Electronic scrap products such as CPUs, computer parts, bio-hazards machines, medicals devices, heavy machinery, wires, etc. It contains harmful material as lead, cadmium, beryllium, or brominated flame retardants. And can cause significant risk to the health of workers and their communities.

Electrical waste (E-waste)

  • Recyclable waste
    Recyclable waste is the items mainly used in households such as plastic waste, paper waste, glass waste, metal waste, etc. Waste management companies help in recycling this kind of product. Plastic waste is commonly recycled due to the extensive use of plastic in all types of products. Due to recycling, there is surged in the economic cycle.

Recyclable waste

  • Constructions and demolition debris
    The waste generated from the construction, renovation, repair, or demolition of houses, a large building, roads, bridges, piers, and dams repairs or construction, road repair. Usually, these wastes are bulky and heavy materials which takes time to dispose of the waste.  C&D waste consists of wood, gypsum, steel, concrete, plaster, and metal.

Constructions and demolition debris

  • Green waste
    Green waste, also known as “biological waste”, such as branches, leaves, grass, tree limbs, waste of vegetables, bread, and grains as well as paper waste. Green waste can be classified as organic waste or waste from the forest, food market, or gardens, any biodegradable materials that grow in your garden are classed as green waste. Waste is of three types Liquid or solid waste, Hazardous waste, Medical/clinical waste, Electrical waste (E-waste), Recyclable waste, Constructions, and demolition debris, Nondegradable, and Green waste. This waste has to be disposed of separately, as at the later stage, there is too much waste collected and take more time to segregate by the rag pickers or waste management or its dumped nearby city landfill.

Green Waste

Extended producer responsibility & plastic waste management

Extended Producers Responsibility means the responsibility of a producer (including Brand-owners/Importers) for the environmentally sound management of the product until the end of its life.

Extended producer responsibility, refers to the responsibility for the management of the disposal of products by producers once those products are designated as no longer useful by consumers.

Our main objective is to develop an effective and efficient system that takes care of the collection, segregation, and transportation of the material to the waste disposal facility which is approved by the MPCB and CPCB as a PRO Agency. These materials are also used in cement kilns, pyrolysis, for road construction and recycling centers, on the basis of their quality and price

Under EPR in accordance with PWM Rules 2016 (amendment 2018)  PIBOM’s (Producers, Importers and Brand Owners, Manufacturers) are given significant responsibility for the recycling or disposal of post-consumer waste.

What is PRO?

The waste generators such as brand owners/producers are required to collect back the end-of-life waste generated through their business. This responsibility is met through waste collection agencies who are recognized as a Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) .

Extended Producers Responisibility Activity Implementation

  1. The first step is to register with the CPCB/SPCB by submitting the necessary documents, which include an action plan, agreement, certificates, licences, and so on.
  2. The following phase is an authorised waste management agency collecting the agreed volume of post-consumer plastic waste from the intended location over a one-year period and recycling or disposing of it securely in accordance with CPCB/SPCB norms.
  3. The waste collection agency will give evidence of waste collection operations in the form of appropriate papers.
  4. A quarterly report will be submitted to CPCB on behalf of PIBOM’s.
  5. The agency will submit a final report to PIBOM after the activity is completed.

Post-Consumer Waste Management or Extended Producers Responsibility – Pictorial Flow Chart

What is EPR In India

EPR in plastic waste management in India

For operational convenience, TSPI has implemented a “Digital documentation system” that allows for the storage of all EPR-related documents as well as complete monthly reports on our Cloud Server, which can be accessed as needed while retaining traceability and avoiding duplication.

Related Documents:

MOEFCC Notification: https://cpcb.nic.in/displaypdf.php?id=cGxhc3RpY3dhc3RlL1BXTV9HYXpldHRlLnBkZg==

Guideline for disposal of Multi Layered Plastic Waste:  https://cpcb.nic.in/uploads/plasticwaste/guidelines_nonrecyclable_fraction_24.04.2018.pdf