Waste management is one of the most crucial problems our country is facing right now. India produces 62 million tonnes of waste each year. When we segregate waste, there is not only a reduction of waste that gets landfilled, it also reduces pollution levels by lowering the percentage of garbage exposed to air and water. Waste management is important because it reduces the effect of pollution on the environment and nature. It can also help reduce or reuse the waste materials that are harmful for the environment such as plastic, glass, Styrofoam, thermocol, etc. and many more.
What is dry waste and wet waste?
What is dry waste?
Dry waste consists of waste that does not decay. It is also known as waste which cannot be biodegradable. Dry waste consists of paper, glass, thermocol, Styrofoam, rubber, metal, cloth, empty bottles, stationeries, etc. and can be recycled into new products further. Before segregating, sharp materials like glass and other metals shall be kept in a separate bag/container.
How dry waste is to be disposed?
Dry waste is the kind of waste which is not biodegradable. Hence wet waste can be converted and recycled into new products and reused further.
What is wet waste?
Wet waste is all the kitchen waste that we produce. Eg: vegetable peels, used tea bags, fruits, leftovers, coconut shells, flowers, leaves, meat or nonveg, expired food items, bread, biscuits, etc.
How wet waste is to be disposed?
This is organic waste which can be recycled and converted into compost. Most of the wet waste comes from the kitchen itself. Restaurants, buildings and factories need efficient wet waste management systems.
Why is waste segregation necessary?
By segregating dry waste such as plastic, glass, metals, paper, etc. from wet waste it becomes easier to recycle them into new products. Whereas wet waste like vegetable leftovers, fruits, used tea bags etc. can be used for producing gas.
Proper waste management is necessary because, it will help in reducing;
- Greenhouse gas emission
- Toxic gas explosions
- Waste Landfill
- Air, soil and water pollution, etc.
Waste segregation at home:
Segregation of dry waste and wet waste can be done from home. This habit will reduce the burden of the municipal authorities to segregate the waste. To get started with it, you just need some awareness and the desire to act towards this.
You need to keep these following things in mind before segregating waste at home:
- Keep 2 separate dustbins for dry and wet waste
- Remove any covering on the kitchen waste before throwing it in the dustbin
- Do not mix wet waste with dry waste
- Keep the plastic from the kitchen dry and separate in the dry bin
- Keep the dry waste rinsed of any food content before throwing in dry bin
- Throw the sanitary waste in a separate paper bag
Wet waste and Dry waste segregation is necessary for every individual because it will help us keep our environment pollution free and also keep the environment healthy. These segregated wastes can be reused and especially the plastic waste can be recycled into new products and plastic granules.